Stove fires - the leading cause of all residential building fires and injuries

According to a new report from the U.S. Fire Administration (USFA), cooking remained the leading cause of all residential building fires and injuries for the period 2008-2010. The report, Cooking Fires in Residential Buildings (2008-2010), addresses the characteristics of these fires and is based on data from the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS).

Cooking Fires in Residential Buildings (2008-2010) (PDF, 718 Kb)

Findings from the report developed by the USFA’s National Fire Data Center include:

  • An estimated average of 164,500 cooking fires in residential buildings
         occurred in the United States each year and resulted in an annual average
         of 110 deaths, 3,525 injuries and $309 million in property loss.
  • Residential building cooking fires peaked from 5 p.m. to 8 p.m. when
         many people were preparing the evening meal.
  • Confined fires, those fires limited to the cooking vessel, accounted
         for 94 percent of residential building cooking fires.
  • Oil, fat and grease (51 percent) were the leading types of material
         ignited in larger, more widespread cooking fires in residential buildings.

Building on this research to help the service increase awareness about fire-safe cooking behaviors in communities, USFA provides recommendations for behavioral mitigation strategies that reduce cooking fires and resultant injuries and fatalities. Educational video messages, research reports and presentations for public fire educators are available on the USFA’s website at

For more information regarding fire prevention programs or other programs and
training available from USFA, visit

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